Most environmental statutes allow citizens to sue companies for violating the statutes or their regulations. Most such citizen suits are not ï¬led by individuals, however, but by environmental organizations.
In this essay, Bruce L. Benson, DeVoe Moore Distinguished Research Professor at Florida State University, reveals that the rewards to ï¬ling citizen suits, as well as the ease of ï¬ling them, have distorted the incentives of some environmental groups. Such groups are putting substantial resources into litigation—even when the litigation involves only minor technical violations rather than environmental harm. The reason appears to be ï¬nancial reward.