Features

Features

At a time when there’s a spotlight on America’s richest 1%, a look at the country’s 310 Indian reservations—where many of America’s poorest 1% live—can be more enlightening.
G. Tracy Mehan III
The wilderness illusion and environmental realism
By Carolyn Nistler A jungle story
By James Lucas
Joe Sehee
Can one last act really mean something?
Brian Yablonski
You've heard of Freakonomics — but what about Bisonomics? With their future now in the hands of eco-ranchers and market-minded preserves, the outlook for bison is promising, says Brian Yablonski.
It isn't easy being green...unless it means more green for the pocketbook
Ecuador's experiment with local control leads the world
Richard Stroup
The freedom fighter's legacy lives on
David Haddock
Legislators' investments threaten people living near the Atchafayala River
September 2007Volume 25 | Number 3 ...
Brandon Scarborough
Water marketing for environmental flows gains momentum
Jane Shaw
Experience with water leasing reaps success stories for TU
Chesapeake Bay orthodoxy needs a reality check
Jeff Bennett
Australia's perpetual drought and increasing demands for water prompt policy change
Partnerships benefit Northwest Fisheries
Fred Krupp
Making environmental protection profitable leads to results
G. Tracy Mehan III
Why free market environmentalism is the magnum opus of a new generation of greens
Matt Ridley
The eyes of a keen conservationist are opened
Vernon L. Smith
Growing up on a farm in Kansas provided an invigorating child-hood—learning about crops and animals, befriending pet chickens, and shooting rabbits for dinner with an 1890 vintage lever action 12-gauge Winchester.
Thomas Bray
Nobel Laureate sees promise in the future of the environment using markets
Nigel Asquith
In Bolivia, bees and barbed wire served as compensation for landowners who protect native vegetation in a water-producing cloud forest.
Sam Nugent
The Remediators Inc. is proving that mushrooms are a safe and cost-effective way to clean up contaminated soils.
James G. Workman
A dam brokerage house plans to convert fixed liabilities liquid assets.
Steve McKean, Stephanie Gripne
Converting agricultural land into recreational property
China and India are moving in opposite directions in their efforts to keep the wild tiger from disappearing.
If you can't dam, divert, or drill, it's time to consider allocating water through markets.
Quail hunting by wealthy landowners has had remarkable environmental benefits in northern Florida.
Andrew Morriss
By Andrew Morriss The first chapter of the Cayman Turtle Farm story did not end happily. But a new phase in this fabled effort to protect wild sea turtles has begun.
These Plains Indians had a legal system based on accepted rules of conduct and individual rights.
The reservation system, instituted in the nineteenth century, destroyed the successful property rights systems of the past.
Tribal sovereignty is an achievement, but just as important in enabling Indians to be entrepreneurial is recognizing the role of the individual.
D. Bruce Johnsen
British Columbia could resolve its conflicts over salmon by an auction that resembles the 'rivalry potlatches' of the past.
Terry Anderson
A return to property rights and the rule of law would restore economic strength and stewardship to American Indian Economies.
Pigs stink. That fact of life is accepted by all of us who grew up on farms. So imagine the smells around a concentration of nearly 6,000 sows and tens of thousands of baby pigs.
Last year, I began investigating forestry outside the United States, seeking innovations. I found strikingly different approaches just north of the border, in Canada.
Are subsidies for ethanol somewhat different from other subsidies???in other words, not all that bad? In this free-flowing dialogue, free market environmentalists debate the issue.
Are subsidies for ethanol somewhat different from other subsidies???in other words, not all that bad? In this free-flowing dialogue, free market environmentalists debate the issue.
G. Tracy Mehan III
Somehow I had missed the fact that Chuck Leavell was keyboardist for the Allman Brothers Band and, since 1982, for the Rolling Stones. Nor did I know that he is a forester.
By Brijesh Nalinakumari & Richard MacLean
Carol Ferrie
By Carol Ferrie
By David McClintick and Ross B. Emmett
Mark Sagoff's piece, 'The Catskills Parable,' (June 2005) recounted the decision of New York City to invest in land management and infrastructure changes in the Catskills and Delaware watersheds rather than build a water treatment plant.
Terry Anderson
By Terry L. Anderson
Jane Shaw
By C. Kenneth Orski and Jane S. Shaw
Terry Anderson
By Terry L. Anderson and Jon Christensen
Jane Shaw
By Jane S. Shaw
Jane Shaw
 By Ashley Fingarson and Jane S. Shaw
This discussion is an edited version
Randy Simmons
By Randy T. Simmons
By Timothy Fitzgerald
Jane Shaw, Bruce Yandle
By Jane S. Shaw and Bruce Yandle With his 2006 budget, President Bush appears to be championing fiscal responsibility. For environmental policy, this change offers hope for new directions.
Thatcher's environmental views from a new perspective.
G. Tracy Mehan III
Thatcher's environmental views, in retrospect.
Wind energy poses a wide range of difficulties.
Donald Leal
By Donald R. Leal
Not according to Erich Zimmermann.
Andrew Morriss
It works in Guatemala, for good reasons.
Along with ecosystem services, wetlands bring mosquitoes.
What role for property rights?
How property rights save wildlife in Zimbabwe.
Terry Anderson
Hunting and economics meet in South Africa.
Elizabeth Singleton
By Elizabeth Singleton
Unfair outcomes for Kenya's Maasai.
The shadowy "precautionary principle" is stopping progress and distorting priorities.
J. Bishop Grewell
Are entrance charges keeping low-income people from enjoying the outdoors?
A friendly critic questions the justice and practicality of PERC's environmental approach.
Linda Platts
This selection from a new book reveals some unintended consequences of environmental laws.
he vision guiding its actions is poorly understood.
Why does this problem arouse such panic?
A Superfund site in Montana becomes a golf course.
Daniel Benjamin
Eight great myths about waste disposal still abound. This article refutes them.
J. Bishop Grewell
Certification informs consumers about forest management.
Sam Nugent
Regenerating coastal mangrove forests depends on recognizing the property rights of local people.
Wisconsin leads the way in deconstructing dams that obstruct its many rivers.
Dominic Parker
Private land trusts generally are prudent stewards, but tax advantages can sway their decisions.
Gary Libecap
The benefits of ethanol are largely a myth, but its political life is nothing short of miraculous.
Bruce Selyem doesn't just photograph old grain elevators, he also saves them.
The federal government pours cash into the Columbia basin, but what fish really need is water.
Andrew Morriss
A professor at Case Western Law School writes about the perverse results of the Cleveland airport's "mitigation" of the loss of a wetland. To build a new runway, the airport must pay to "create" wetlands by damaging a beautiful and serene park sixteen miles away.
A former owner of a small business, shares his grim experience with the tentacles of the Superfund law and its ever expanding liability.
The director of the Inter Region Economic Network (IREN) in Nairobi discusses the problems with government control of wildlife in Kenya
Bruce Yandle
PERC issues a "Mid-Term Report Card" on George W. Bush's environmental policy The grade is low.
Multi-billion-dollar farm subsidies won't last forever.
Peter Hill
Why have farmers received such largesse from the federal government?
Linda Platts
Kelmscott Farm in Maine preserves endangered livestock varieties.
Spent grains and stale beer make nutritious meals for livestock.
At long last, new technology opens the possibility of property rights in whales -- but international whaling regulators prefer "no whaling" over conservation.
By Gregory B. Christainsen and Brian C. Gothberg ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION: A MASSIVE LOSS OF FREEDOM
Seth Zuckerman
A unique system of private rights makes fly-fishing a different experience in England and Scotland.
Linda Platts
Senator Tom Daschle takes care of the Black Hills National Forest while much of the West burns.
Trupti Ambrish Mehta
After years of national control, governments allow local people to share the resource.
Five people share their views. Free market environmentalists wonder why their message sometimes falls on deaf ears.
As fishers flocked to their trout streams, a Montana ranch family discovered how to spur cooperation.
Roger Sedjo
It's fire season again. The blazes signify deeper problems at the Forest Service.
Not the private sector, not the state of Florida. Rather, the people who are supposed to restore it.
Matt Ridley
Under the name of environmental policy, the British government robs the rights of landowners.
PERC REPORTS interviews Colorado school teacher Marc Johnson about his students' property-rights drama.
Terry Anderson, Donald Leal, Jane Shaw
Hank Fischer
  By Hank Fischer
Andrew Morriss
By Andrew P. Morriss
Roger Meiners, Andrew Morriss
Rachel Carson didn't start it; the U.S. government did.
Robert Nelson
What Zimbabwe did right.
Roger Meiners, Andrew Morriss
Malaria makes a comeback.
Jane Shaw
Does commercial activity destroy diversity?
Local control preserves Maine lobster fishing.
By Deborah Jacobs
By Wallace Kaufman
Federal agencies reject liability for toxic harm.
J. Bishop Grewell
Mouthing goals, slowing progress.
Indur Goklany
Boon or bane for the environment?
Terry Anderson, Donald Leal
Free market environmentalism was once consider
Bruce Yandle
Comments from PERC friends and acquaintances. Noting twenty years of market approaches.
The EPA muddies efforts to restore brownfields.
Indur Goklany
By Indur M. Goklany
Donald Leal
By Donald R. Leal
By Ronald D. Utt
Donald Leal
Breaking the suburban mold.
A portfolio of ideas for forward-looking regulators.
Peter Huber's new book, Hard Green, both supports and challenges free market environmentalism.
A Missouri farmer explains why he's not planting it.
By Allen Fitzsimmons
One technique proposed for
Bruce Yandle
By Bruce Yandle
Pierre Desrochers
By Pierre Desrochers
By Jonathan H. Adler
By Robert A. Thomas
Cuyahoga RevisitedBy Stacie Thomas
A Property Rights Defender Responds Anti-Environmental ?By Carol W. LaGrasse
Preserving BeachesJames R. Rinehart and Jeffrey J. Pompe
By David Schoenbrod
Why I Am AN Organic Farmer By Robert Quinn
What A Teacher Wants By Kathryn Ratte
J. Bishop Grewell
Modernize The Fossil Trade by J. Bishop Grewell and Matthew Brown
Jane Shaw
By Matthew Brown and Jane S. Shaw
By Randall G. Holcombe  
Linda Platts
By Linda E. Platts
J. Bishop Grewell
By J. Bishop Grewell
Jane Shaw
By Jane S. Shaw
By Becky Norton Dunlop
By Jonathan H. Adler
Roger Meiners, Bruce Yandle
By Roger E. Meiners and Bruce Yandle
It's been a terrific deal for the bald eag
Ronald Bailey
Assessing humans' role in nature and the reality of wilderness
Justin B. Richland
Will economic growth in the 21st century erode or augment tribal culture?
Richard Wright
A First Nation in British Columbia in rewriting the rules.
Chief Shane Gottfriedson
First Nations are fighting for the same property rights that all Canadians enjoy
James G. Workman
An upwelling of PERC-trained innovators quietly replenish the sea.
Te Maire Tau
Reinstating indigenous rights to own property and build an economy in New Zealand
Annie Ireland
The intersection of agriculture, economics, and textiles.
Tackling air quality issues one smartphone at a time.
Matt Ridley
Paradoxically, economics has done more for nature than ecology has.
Shawn Regan
Pens from old-growth forests preserve the forest as well as its history.
Logan Yonavjak
How one enviropreneur is harnessing private capital for innovation in environmental ventures.
Tom Iseman
By Tom Iseman
Juliet Eilperin
The Oglala Sioux aim to reclaim their landscape and culture heritage
Daniel Botkin
Ideology and politics too often get in the way
Robert J. Miller
The lack of economic development on reservations is a major factor in creating the extreme poverty, unemployment, and the accompanying social issues that Indian nations face.
Ian Boisvert
Rugged, enchanting, and powerful coastlines surround New Zealand. The coastlines are powerful not just in wave energy but also as sources of cultural identity, commerce, and conflict.
John R. Bockstoce
The maritime fur trade of the Bering Strait was one aspect of the European expansion into the most remote regions of Asia and America. But as we have seen, it fit within a vast global exchange network.
James G. Workman
A savvy new breed of capitalist is using incentives such as mitigation credits to protect critical habitat and earn profits.
Reed Watson
Enviropreneur Brett Howell is developing a market for coral reef restoration off of Florida's coast.
Paul Schwennesen
GreenFaith combines free-market and faith-based principles on the environment.
Jeff Bennett
The truth revealed: Environmental bluffs miss big picture
Matthew E. Kahn
Capitalism's creative solutions for a changing climate
Kurt Schnier
Can market forces balance efficiency-equity tradeoffs in marine fisheries?
Matthew Turner
New roads create more demand for driving
Brian Steed
"Green energy" generation is being curtailed, delayed, or prohibited due to competing environmental goals. For example wind turbines are killing endangered bats.
Sarah Anderson
Matching the size of government to the size of the problem
Charles Kolstad
Free market environmentalism has a lot to offer, but Kolstad says the case for FME is weaker when dealing with environmental goods such as clean air.
H. Spencer Banzhaf
Banzhaf argues that free market environmentalists should applaud the cap-and-trade approach over more government regulation.
Jonathan Adler
Assessing the common law as a replacement for pollution control regulations.
G. Zachary
by G. Pascal Zachary
Eric Kihiu Ngure
How a fence and an off-road race are creating a new conservation paradigm in Kenya
Josh Hottenstein
In a world where only a quarter of all arable land remains viable for agriculture, where population is predicted to increase to nine billion by 2050, and where people are concerned with food safety, new methods of agricultural production are increasingly sought-after. At Verdant Earth Technologies, we are developing agricultural systems to address future challenges and to provide a growing population with fresh produce.
Chris Corbin
An enviropreneur uses water rights markets to keep water instream
Summer Rayne Oakes
Creating a marketplace for fashion designers to use eco-friendly materials
Cory Carman
How the large-scale food system can be a midsized farmer's best hope
Bobby McCormick
A look back on the PERC Enviropreneur Institute from the retiring director
Laura Huggins
Whether focused on public or private lands, the goal of this special issue is to explore new frontiers in land management.
Reed Watson
Why some ranchers see wildlife as a nuisance while others see it as an asset
Holly Fretwell
Land management lessons from a rancher turned "enviropreneur"
James Salzman
Markets for ecosystem services such as water filtration, erosion control, and pollination benefit the providers and enhance environmental assets.
Jonathan Fahey
A lack of transmission lines makes wind farming an iffy crop
Peter Hill, Shawn Regan
Entrepreneurs are capitalizing on ecotourism and environmental amenities to transform an agricultural economy into a nature-based economy.
Peter Hill
The basic idea was that bottom up, rather than top down, development of property rights, offered a useful tool for analyzing many resource issues.
Richard Stroup
"Saving the Wilderness” explained how the managers of the Rainey Preserve used market relationships to enhance private land management and how they and similar managers could, if allowed, improve the management of government land, too.
Donald Leal
Scarcely a week goes by in which we do not hear or read some distressing news about overfishing in ocean fisheries. Such news comes at a time when the world has witnessed a phenomenal productivity boom in agricultural use of land.
Bruce Yandle
As nations argued over global warming policies at the Kyoto Protocol, PERC senior fellow Bruce Yandle was busy bringing new insights to the discussion.
Carlos Fernandez, Andrea Nogues
Even travelers in Patagonia forget t
Julie Morgan
By Julie D.E. Morgan
Paul Schwennesen
"Local,” they say, “never goes out of seas
Todd Graham
By Todd Graham
Kelly L. Westover
By Kelly L. Westover
Todd Gartner
By Todd Gartner
Brian Yablonski
America is about to rediscover her national parks. To great fanfare, Ken Burns’ epic documentary, "The National Parks: America’s Best Idea," premieres on PBS this fall.
Kimberley Yablonski
With an ever increasing mound of scientific research indicating that kids who spend time outside tend to be smarter, happier, and healthier, the idea that children need nature is not novel.
Holly Fretwell
Fear mongering is effective because it feeds our emotions, but do such tactics actually help improve life on earth?
Whitney Tilt
Today there are signs that we have grown increasingly complacent about our natural lands to the point where we risk not knowing how to find our way out…outdoors that is.
Carol Ferrie
We hate TV, but we have a favorite show…we hate electronic eavesdropping, but we love it when it is used to capture a fiendish criminal. We love to hate it. We hate to love it.
Roger Meiners, Andrew Morriss
An aggressive push for a green economy is underway in the United States. Policymakers routinely assert that “green jobs” can simultaneously improve environmental quality and reduce unemployment.
Saws are buzzing on national forests, but these are not your typical logging operations. Instead of taking down big trees for shipments to lumber mills, loggers are cutting saplings and clearing brush from the understory.
H. Spencer Banzhaf
In 1982, some 450 activists were arrested protesting the construction of a hazardous waste facility in Warren County, N.C., a primarily poor, black community.
Robert Deacon
Morro Bay is a picturesque coastal community in central California. The town’s most prominent physical feature is Morro Rock, the remnant of an ancient volcano, which stands at the entrance to the bay that gives the town its name.
Patty Limerick
Through the vitality and wisdom of his written words, Wallace Stegner remains an influential presence in the American West.
David Figura
Doug Barclay vividly remembers a fall day in the early 1980s when he said upwards of 3,000 people were on his New York property along the lower Salmon River
Randy Newberg
Most conflicts solved with market-based solutions involve opposing sides exercising their property interest, whether factual or imagined.
What's your opinion on stream access? In the West, private landowners often provide much of the natural resource management at their own expense, which in turn benefits the public with healthy fisheries and prolific game.
Reed Watson
Protecting private property rights is critical to protecting environmental resources because private landowners respond to incentives.
James Huffman
Public access to rivers, lakes, and streams seems like a good idea in the abstract. Why not allow access to anyone who wants to enjoy the recreational opportunities associated with water?
Nicole White
Markets fluctuate. In the past year, I have ridden a market roller coaster in an environmental arena that has seen high peaks, which led to my dream job, and low valleys, which put me among the unemployed.
Laura Huggins
The Mojave Desert in southwest Utah is desolate and dry, until Highway 18 takes you across a canyon that is overflowing with lush greenery, sheer rock walls, and gin-clear springs.
Jeff Masten
In North Carolina, productive land is being lost to development while more people are seeking locally grown foods. Triangle Land Conservancy, a community land trust, is encouraging the use of its lands for food production by offering long-term leases to new farmers.
Stephanie Gripne
The Malua Wildlife Habitat Conservation Bank (Malua BioBank ) recently was launched in Malaysia by a forestry investment management firm that is at the forefront of developing and commercializing environmental products.
Javed Kahn
About 3,000 wild snow leopards now roam the pristine areas of Himalayan mountain regions. Despite conservation measures, most of which aim to establish protected areas, the long-term survival of this beautiful mountain cat is far from assured.
Ariel Steele
Colorado has created a grand experiment using private markets to preserve open space through a transferable state income tax credit.
Chrys Hutchings
Headlights trace the dying canopy of a stand of Pohutukawa trees. The decades-old, fourwheel- drive Range Rover slows, and a father and son disembark with their shotguns.
Bruce Yandle
In the late 1990s, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) began encouraging the use of market forces to improve water quality in rivers, streams, and coastal waters.
Jeff Bennett
Desertification is occurring in almost 30 percent of China and salinization affects 10 percent of the nation.
There is a crossroads in Texas. Down along the Mexican border, in a four-county area, sits the Lower Rio Grande Valley—a merger of tropics and subtropics.
Donald Leal
A few hard tugs on my line prompted me to set the hook on the hungry fish. I remember the struggle I had reeling in the hefty halibut from a depth of 150 feet.
Mike Norton-Griffiths
The skyrocketing price of oil and basic foodstuffs has captured worldwide attention. In Africa especially, it has prompted questions concerning the low economic returns to land under agricultural production; the lack of investment in agricultural infrastructure, technology, and education; the poor standards of land management; and the seeming inability of African farmers to respond efficiently to economic opportunities in domestic and world markets.
Experimentation offers hope for future forest health
The Forest Service cannot take responsibility for its neighbors
Martin Hostettler
Forests guard villages from avalanches and other natural disasters
Brandeth family protects nearly 30,000 acres for 157 years
Rocky Barker
Fires of 1988 serve as a wake-up call for better forest management
Hank Fischer
Reaching across the spectrum for species recovery
Joel Schwartz
Coming up for a breath of fresh air just might be easier
Bruce Yandle
A one-suit-fits-all policy is not a solution
Sarah Anderson
The red tape around environmental policy
Jack Ward Thomas
Why have forests changed from an asset to a liability?
G. Tracy Mehan III
Could a healthy dose of competition serve our nation's water systems well?