Randy Simmons

Senior Fellow

Randy T. Simmons is a political scientist who emphasizes the importance of economic reasoning to better understand public policy. He believes the study of politics cannot be separated from the study of markets. Simmons uses this framework to evaluate environmental and natural resource policies. The real challenge of the social process, as he sees it, is to design institutions that have outcomes that closely represent the wishes of individuals. He believes that markets are often the best way to achieve this objective when they are insulated from political influence.

Simmons current research focuses on the Endangered Species Act. He stresses that threatened and endangered species are not simply a biological problem but a social problem, since the threat to their existence is a consequence of economic and political processes. Unfortunately, the solutions presented in the Endangered Species Act have been both costly and ineffective. He believes that positive incentives are more effective than penalties. Instead of creating a burden for private property owners, Simmons proposes measures to reward owners who conserve species and habitat. He also favors decentralizing and depoliticizing conservation programs, because twenty competing answers are better than one, especially when no one knows which is the right answer. He argues this case in his forthcoming book Political Ecology: Politics, Economics and the Endangered Species Act.

His other books include Beyond Politics: Markets, Welfare and the Failure of Bureaucracy, a primer on public choice economics co-authored with William Mitchell, and The Political Economy of Customs and Culture: Informal Solutions to the Commons Problems, co-edited with Terry Anderson. Simmons has also written widely on the conservation of African elephants.

Simmons is above all a teacher, and many of his students have gone on to have key roles as congressional and executive-branch staff members in Washington, D.C. Because of his knowledge of the political scene, Simmons oversees PERC's congressional staff briefings.

Simmons received his Ph.D. in political science from the University of Oregon in 1980. He is currently the chairman of the political science department at Utah State University, where he has been honored three times by the College of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences as researcher of the year. Also at Utah State University, he is the director of the Institute of Political Economy. Simmons is a senior scholar with the Competitive Enterprise Institute in Washington, D.C.

He makes his home in Providence, Utah, where he serves on the city council and, together with his students, developed a guide for communities to contract out (that is, privatize) local services. In his spare time, Simmons enjoys backpacking with his wife and three children, and for years he has been a dedicated coach for his sons baseball teams.

Current Work: 

Simmons' current research analyzes the Endangered Species Act. In the forthcoming book, Political Ecology: Politics, Economics and the Endangered Species Act, he argues in favor of rewarding private property owners for good conservation instead of creating a burden for owners of endangered species habitat.

Articles by Randy Simmons >