Whether it’s bison and wolves in North America or rhinos and elephants in Africa, wildlife face a stark reality: Their survival often depends on the actions of private landowners. But some species can impose significant costs on landowners — and can even come along with costly regulations and restrictions — so property owners often view them as liabilities instead of assets. Because most species depend on private lands for habitat, these negative incentives can adversely impact wildlife.
Too often, public policies that aim to protect species end up unintentionally stifling conservation and discouraging landowners from providing critical wildlife habitat. Hunting bans in places such as Kenya, for example, have decreased wildlife numbers, not bolstered them. PERC’s research examines the unintended consequences of wildlife policies and offers market-based solutions to make wildlife an asset for both landowners and the public.
As Aldo Leopold, the father of modern wildlife biology, once wrote, “Conservation will ultimately boil down to rewarding the private landowner who conserves the public interest.” There is no better example of this than wildlife conservation.
Africa’s iconic wildlife forms a key part of the continent’s identity and is globally significant, both ecologically and economically. As the twenty-first century progresses, how is Africa’s economy likely to evolve and what role will this vital natural heritage play within it?